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## I have a homework to do, that is:

Pick a random color, from yellow, blue and red, given the probability of:
Yellow: 3/7
Blue: 1/7
Red: 3/7

I know that I could work this around by using something like:
[yellow, yellow, yellow, blue, red, red, red]
But I don’t think this would be programatically good, since when I chance the probability, I would have to change the array.

So, I thought I could try something like a weight approach

let yellow_probability = 3/7
let blue_probability = 1/7
let red_probability = 3/7

const colors = ['yellow', 'blue', 'red']

function pickPosition(yellow_probability, blue_probability, red_probability){

let yellow_weight = Math.random() * yellow_probability
let blue_weight = Math.random() * blue_probability
let red_weight = Math.random() * red_probability

let weights = [yellow_weight, blue_weight, red_weight]

let max_of_array = Math.max.apply(Math, weights);

pickedColor = weights.indexOf(max_of_array)

return pickedColor

}
pickedColorIndex = pickPosition(yellow_probability, blue_probability, red_probability)
pickedColor = colors[pickedColorIndex]
console.log(pickedColor)

I did a test:

let n=1000000;
let yellow=0, blue=0, red=0;
for (let i=0; i<n; i++) {

pickedColorIndex = pickPosition(yellow_probability, blue_probability, red_probability)
if (pickedColorIndex==0) yellow++
else if (pickedColorIndex==1) blue++
else red++;
}
console.log("yellow = " + yellow/n );
console.log("blue = " + blue/n );
console.log("red = " + red/n );

And I would expect this test to output something like:

Yellow = 0.43
Blue = 0.14
Red = 0.43

But I am getting:

Yellow = 0.48
Blue = 0.03
Red = 0.48

It is interesting to point out that the code works when the probabilities are equal (1/3, 1/3, 1/3) or something like (1/2, 1/2, 0)

Can anyone point out what I am doing wrong?